- notions of censorship and truth
- the indexical qualities of photography in rendering truth
- photographic manipulation and the documentation of truth
- censorship in advertising
- censorship in art and photography
The camera never lies
- Ansel Adams - iconic, quality or common
- Moon over half dome, 1960
- Aspens - manipulation in dark room alters what the print shows
- Documentary photography
- rendering of real life events
- notion that the photograph renders the truth
- individuals being removed from photographs
- Robert Capa - not real name or real image. Staging an image, was a soldier dying but not in the context it was said to be
- ‘At that time [World War II], I fervently believed just about everything I was exposed to in school and in the media. For example, I knew that all Germans were evil and that all Japanese were sneaky and treacherous, while all white Americans were clean-cut, honest, fair-minded, and trusting’
- Digital photography
- morals and ethics of advertising
- digital technology can change the context of the original image
- frivolous aspect
- digitally enhanced images, more appealing to the audience
- is it fair game to do this?
- is what is presented in a photograph true?
- does it matter?
- ‘Abstraction today is no longer that of the map, the double, the mirror or the concept. Simulation is no longer that of a territory, a referential being or a substance. It is the generation by models of a real without origin or relativity: a hyperreal. The territory no longer precedes the map, nor survives it. Henceforth it is the map that precedes the territory – precession of simulacra’
- 'Whereas representation tries to absorb simulation by interpreting it as false representation, simulation envelops the whole edifice of representation as itself a simulacrum. These would be the succesive phases of the image:
- It is the reflection of a basic reality.
- It masks and perverts a basic reality.
- It masks the absence of a basic reality.
- It bears no relation to any reality whatever : it is its own pure simulacrum.’
Gruesome images in the media
- is that what you want to be seeing?
- documentary imagery gone to far?
- different levels of newspaper will show different things
- making art out of conflict
- A person authorised to examine films, letters, or publications, in order to ban or cut anything considered obscene or objectionable
- To ban or cut portions of (a film, letter or publication)
- Principles of behaviour in accordance with standards of right and wrong
- A code of behaviour, especially of a particular group, profession or individual
- The moral fitness of a decision, course of action etc
- The study of the moral value of human conduct
- sexual aspects of advertising
- placing suggesting in peoples heads
- does it say more about the individual than the advert?
- banned within advertising but celebrated within fin art
- 'The requirement that protected artworks have a 'serious artistic value' is the very thing contemporary art and post modernism itself attempt to defy'
- to protect art whilst prohibiting trash
- the dividing line between speech and non-speech
- the dividing line between prison and freedom
- Just how much should we believe the ‘truth’ represented in the media?
- And should we be protected from it?
- Is the manipulation of the truth fair game in a Capitalist, consumer society?
- Should art sit outside of censorship laws exercised in other disciplines?
- Who should be protected, artist, viewer, or subject?